Faculty

Bruce E. Winston, Ph.D.

Professor

Director, Ph.D. in Organizational Leadership

Bio

Dr. Bruce Winston has been a part of Regent University since 1991, both with the School of Business and the School of Business & Leadership (SBL). He currently serves as director of the Ph.D. in Organizational Leadership program and teaches in the Ph.D. in Organizational Leadership and Doctor of Strategic Leadership programs. Winston served as dean of the school from 2006-2013. During that time, SBL experienced growth in its program and publication offerings, and earned the prestigious ACBSP accreditation for its MBA program.


As a lecturer and consultant in the U.S., Canada, Europe and South Africa, Winston's expertise is in leadership, organizational development, university administration and strategic foresight. He also enjoys speaking and teaching in the areas of communication, quality improvement and marketing. Prior to his academic career of more than 24 years at Regent University, he led organizations in the commercial printing industry for 13 years.


Winston's research interests include servant leadership, organizational development and transformation, leadership development, distance education, and technology in higher education.

Awards

Honors:


Faculty Award of Excellence for Teaching Fall Quarter (2015)


Entrepreneurial Excellence Spirit Award (2013)


National Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE) award: Most Supportive Dean of the Year (2007)


Who's Who in the West Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities


Phi Kappa Phi National Honor Society


Outstanding Faculty of the Year (1994)


Completed the Master Instructor Program (1998)


Recognized for outstanding efforts in distance education (2000)

Publications

Books:


Winston, B. (2018). Biblical Principles of Hiring and Developing Employees. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, ISBN: 978-3-319-70526-2


Winston, B. (2018). Biblical Principles of Leading and Managing Employees. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, ISBN: 978-3-319-77136-6


Bocarnea, M., Henson, J., Huizing, R., Mahan, M., & Winston, B., (2018). Evaluating Employee Performance through Christian Virtues. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, ISBN 9783319743431


Patterson, K. & Winston, B. E. (Editors) (2017). Leading an African Renaissance: Opportunities and Challenges (Palgrave Studies in African Leadership), New York: Palgrave Macmillan ISBN 13: 9783319405384


Winston, B. E. & Patterson, K. (Editors). (2016). Ethics: The Old Testament, The New Testament, and Contemporary Application. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 13: 9781535184731


Winston, B. E. (2002). Be a Leader for God's Sake. Regent University School of Business & Leadership, VA.


Winston, B. E. (1999). The Master Management Builder and His Structure: A Story of Walls, Arches, and Learning. Regent University School of Business Press, VA.


Mulford, J. E., & Winston, B. E. (1996). The Word on Management. JKO Publishing.


Winston, B. E. Principles of Marketing. A textbook used in Regent University's School of Business, VA.


Winston, B. E. Total Quality Management. A textbook used in Regent University's School of Business, VA.


Book Chapters:


Roof R., Bocarnea M. C., Winston B. E. (2018) Spiritual Engagement and Positive Leadership: The Promise of Identity-Focused Leader Development. In S. Dhiman, G. Roberts, and J. Crossman (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Fulfillment. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3- 319-61929-3_24-1


Winston, B. (2018 In Press). Selecting and Implementing Technology in Support of Doctoral Curriculum and Program Management. In L. Hyatt & S. Allen (Eds), Advancing Doctoral Leadership Education Through Technology. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd


Bocarnea, M.C. & Winston, E. B. (2018). Persons, Organizations and Societies: The Effects of Collectivism and Individualism on Cooperation - A Comparison of Romania and the USA. In D. Abrudan (Ed.) People, Idea, Performance – International Experiences (pp. 75-86). Timisoara, Romania: Sollness Publishing House.


Articles:


Allen, S., Winston, B., Tatone, G., & Crowson, M. (2018). Exploring A Model of Servant Leadership, Empowerment, and Commitment in Nonprofit Organizations. Nonprofit Management & Leadership. 1 1-18. DOI: 10.1002/nml.21311.


Knopf, L. R., Stone, G. A., & Winston, B. E. (2017). Profiles of Entrepreneurs: Discriminant and Cluster Analyses of the Romans 12 Motivational Gifts and Locus of Control as Predictors of Entrepreneurs. Journal of Biblical Integration in Business. 20(2). 63-77.


Roof, R. A., Bocarnea, M. C., & Winston, B. E. (2017). The spiritual engagement instrument. Asian Journal of Business Ethics. 6(2), 215–232.


Dean, D., Marshall, J., West, G., & Winston, B. (2017). Religion and Spirituality in the Workplace: A Quantitative Evaluation of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment. Journal of Strategic and International Studies, XII(4), 69-85.


Williamson, B., Buchard, M., Winner, W. D., & Winston, B. E. (2017). Internal Factors That Enable Positive Deviance to Occur in Leaders: A Phenomenological Description. International Leadership Journal 9(1) 30-55.


Frederick, H. R., Wood, J. A. Jr., West, G. R., & Winston, B. E. (2016). The Effect of the Accountability Variables of Responsibility, Openness, and Answerability on Authentic Leadership. Journal of Research on Christian Education 25(3). 302-316.


Toulassi, B, West, G. R., Winston, B. E., & Wood, J. (2016). Traditionally Inherited Leadership Among the Ewes In Togo, West Africa-Reasons & Beliefs: Building An Integrative Approach. International Leadership Journal 8(1) 42-72.


Brubaker, T. A., Bocarnea, M. C., Patterson, K. & Winston, B. E. (2015). Servant Leadership and Organizational Citizenship: A Moderated Mediation Model of Perceived Leader Effectiveness and Exchange Ideology in Rwanda. Servant Leadership Theory & Practice 2(2) 27-56.


DellaVecchio, D. & Winston, B. E. (2015). A Seven-Scale Instrument to Measure the Romans 12 Motivational Gifts and a Proposition that the Romans 12 gift Profiles Might Apply to Person-Job Fit Analysis. International Journal of Leadership Studies 9(1) 1-22.


Lima, J. E., West, G. R., Winston, B. E., & Wood, J. (2015). Measuring Organizational Cultural Intelligence: The Development and Validation of a Scale. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management 16(1) 9-31. DOI: 10.1177/1470595815615625.


Metheny, G., West, G. R., Winston, B. & Wood, J. (2015). Faculty in Faith-Based Institutions: Participation in Decision-Making and its Impact on Job Satisfaction. Journal of Research on Christian Education 24(2) 144-168.


Winston, B. & Fields, D. (2015). Seeking and measuring the essential behaviors of servant leadership. Leadership and Organizational Development Journal 36(4) 413-434.


Van Winkle, B., Allen, S., De Vore, D., Winston, B. E. (2014). "The Relationship Between the Servant Leadership Behaviors of Immediate Supervisors and Followers' Perceptions of Being Empowered in the Context of Small Business." Journal of Leadership Education, 13(3), 70-82.


Hirschy, M. J., Gomez, D., Patterson, K., & Winston, B. E. (2014). "Servant leadership, humane orientation, and Confucian doctrine of Jen." Academy of Strategic Management Journal 13(1) 97-112.


Kilroy, J., Bekker, C., Bocarnea, M., & Winston, B. E. (2014). "Seven scales to measure the seven beatitudes in leaders." Journal of Biblical Integration in Business, 17(1) 7-24.


Reid, W. A, West, G. R., Winston, B. E., & Wood, J. (2014) "An instrument to measure level 5 leadership." The Journal of Leadership Studies, 8(1) 17-32.


Spencer, J. L., Winston, B. W., & Bocarnea, M. C. (2012). "Predicting the Level of Pastors' Risk of Termination/Exit from the Church." Pastoral Psychology, 61(1), 85-98.


Winston, B. E, Cerff, K. and Kirui, S. (2012). "Motivation to Serve in Faith-Based Non-Profit Churches: The Role of Affective and Normative Commitment as Well as Motivation to Lead." International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior 15(2) 264-275.


Tucker, P., & Winston, B. E.(2011). "The Beatitudes as Leadership Virtues." The Journal of Virtues and Leadership, 2(1).


Tomlinson, J., & Winston, B. E. (2011). "Romans 12 Motivational Gifts and College Professors: Implications for Job Satisfaction and Person-Job Fit." Christian Higher Education 10(1) 45-56. DOI: 10.1080/15363751003609085


Trauffer, H., Bekker, C., Bocarnea, M., & Winston B. E. (2010). "Towards an understanding of discernment: A conceptual paper." Leadership and Organizational Journal 31(2) 176-184.


Trauffer, H., Bekker, C., Bocarnea, M., & Winston B. E. (2010). "A three-factor measure of discernment." Leadership and Organizational Journal 31(3) 263-284.


Winston, B. E. (2009). "The Romans 12 gifts: Useful for person-job fit." Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership, 2(2) 114-134.


Winston, B. E., Cerff, K., & Jerome, J. (2009). "Different supervisory styles for different organizational levels: A phenomenological case study." International Leadership Journal. 2(1) 53-69.


Winston, B. E. (2009). "The Four Cs of Christian leadership." Inner Resources for Leaders 2(2). [Download PDF]


Parolini, J., Patterson, K., & Winston, B. E. (2009). "Investigating transformational and servant leadership distinctions." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 30(3), 274-291.


Winston, B. E., Bekker, C., Cerff, K., Eames, D., Helland, M., & Garnes, D. (2008). "An instrument to measure the impact of hope in strategic plan implementation." International Leadership Journal, 1(1), 39-56.


Winston, B. E., & Ryan, B. (2008). "Servant leadership as a humane orientation: Using the GLOBE Study construct of humane orientation to show that servant leadership is more global than western." International Journal of Leadership Studies, 3(2), 212-222.


Wood, A., & Winston, B. E.(2007). "Development of three scales to measure leader accountability." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 28(2).


Winston, B. E., & Patterson, K. (2006). "An Integrative Definition of Leadership." International Journal of Leadership Studies, 1(2). [Download PDF]


Reed, M., & Winston, B. E. (2005). "Towards a deeper understanding of hope and leadership." Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 12(2), 42-53.


Joseph, E., & Winston, B. E. (2005). "A correlation of servant leadership, leader trust, and organizational trust." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 26(1), 6-22.


DellaVecchio, D., Stanley, A. D., Sullivan, G. R., Winston, B. E., & Stone, A. G. (2004). "High-quality leader-member exchanges minimize the potential for conflict in organizations." Liberty Business Review, 2(2), 4-14.


Brinson, J., & Winston, B. E. (2005, Spring). "For the sake of those led, teachers must rest." Academic Exchange Quarterly.


Wood, A., & Winston, B. E. (2005). "Toward a new understanding of leader accountability: Defining a critical construct." Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 11(3), 84-94.


Winston, B. E. (2004). "Heritage Bible College: A case study in servant leadership and servant followership." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 25(7), 600-617.


Winston, B. E. (2004). "A future scenario for education with distance education as a major component." Association of Management/International Association of Management; 2004 Conference Proceedings, 21(1), DL-02.


Winston, B. E. (2004). "Servant leadership at Heritage Bible College: A single-case study." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 25(7), 600-617.


Dennis, R., & Winston, B. (2003). "A factor analysis of Page And Wong's servant leadership instrument: From items to factors." Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 24(8), 455-459.


Winston, B. E. , & Fields, D. (2003). "Developing dissertation skills of doctoral students in an Internet-based distance education curriculum: A case study." The American Journal of Distance Education, 17(3), 161-172.


Farling, M., & Winston, B. E. (1999). "A replication study: Attitudes toward ethics: A view of the college student." Journal of Teaching Business Ethics, 5(3), 251-266.


Farling, M, Stone, A. G., & Winston, B. E. (1999). "Servant leadership: Setting the stage for empirical research." The Journal of Leadership Studies, 6(1/2), 49-72.


Hamon, T., & Winston, B. E.(1998). "Applying the adaptive process to a religious organization: A case study of change in a para-church ministry." Journal of Ministry Marketing and Management, 4(2), 9-22.


McDermott, D. R., & Winston, B. E. (1998). "Assessing the feasibility of a pediatric hospice care program." Proceedings of the American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences, USA. (4), 41-45.


Winston, B. (1998). "Configurations of marketing strategies and technology adoption strategies: Do they affect profit performance?" Unpublished Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University.


Winston, B. (1997, Fall). "A response to Smith and Steen." Journal of Biblical Integration in Business, pp. 79 - 84.


Articles Published Online:


Spencer, J., Winston, B., Bocarnea, M., & Wickman, C. (2009). "Validating a practitioner's instrument measuring the level of pastors' risk of termination/exit from the church: Discovering vision conflict and compassion fatigue as key factors." 


Banks, B., & Winston, B. (2008, November). "The importance of creativity and innovation in organizations." weLEAD Online Magazine leadingtoday.org. http://www.leadingtoday.org/Onmag/2008%20Archives/November%2008/bb-november08.pdf


Winston, B., & Bekker, C. (2008). "Exegetical assignments as a form of spiritual formation development in two online doctoral programs."


Winston, B. (2008). "The four 'leadership' faces of Ezekiel 1, Ezekiel 10, and Revelation 4 paralleled by the four Gospels." Engstrom Institute. http://www.christianleadershipalliance.com/executiveleadership/


Winston, B. (2008). "Agapao leadership." Inner Resources for Leaders.


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Where peace can happen." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Be pure hearted." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Be merciful." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Seek what's right." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Controlled discipline." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2008). "Leading Biblically: Good mourning." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2007). "Leading Biblically: Walk humbly." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2007). "Leading Biblically: Beatitudes in business." Focus on the Family. www.boundless.org


Winston, B. (2007). "Leadership style as an outcome of motive: A contingency 'state' rather than 'trait' concept." 


Winston, B. (2007). "Rules/policies, logic and love: How to behave in our organizations." Ted Engstrom Institute. http://www.christianleadershipalliance.com/managingleading/2007/rulespolicieslogicandlove.html


Winston, B. (2006). "Nomos: A New Testament concept to guide decision-making." 


Barfoot, S., Winston, B., & Wickman, C. (2004). "Forced pastoral exits: An exploratory study." Regent University's School of Business & Leadership Working Paper 


DellaVecchio, D., & Winston, B. (2004). "A seven-scale instrument to measure the Romans 12 motivational gifts and a proposition that the Romans 12 gift profiles might apply to person-job it analysis." 


Winston, B. (2004). "Socialism and Catholicism: The left and the right of the labor movement in the Gilded Age." Regent University's School of Business & Leadership Working Paper.


Sessoms, R., & Winston, B. (2004). "Impact of leadership development experiences in a trans-national organization." Regent University's School of Business & Leadership Working Paper 


Book Chapters:


Buford, M., Gomez, D., Patterson, K. & Winston, B., (2014). "The controlled discipline of servant leaders: A qualitative study." In R. Selladurai & S. Carraher (Eds), Servant leadership: Research and practice. (pp. 24-47). Hershey PA: IGI Global Publishers ISBN: 9781466658400


Kilroy, J., Bekker, C. L., Bocarnea, M. C., & Winston, B. E. (2012). "Seven scales to measure the seven beatitudes in leaders." In M. C. Bocarnea, R. A. Reynolds, & J. D. Baker (Eds.), Online instruments, data collection, and electronic measurements: Organizational advancements (pp. 164-186). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.


Trauffer, H. C. V., Bekker, C. L., Bocarnea, M. C., & Winston, B. E. (2012). "An online measure of discernment." In M. C. Bocarnea, R. A. Reynolds, & J. D. Baker (Eds.), Online instruments, data collection, and electronic measurements: Organizational advancements (pp. 254-270). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.


Winston, B. E. (2011). "The 'Flow' of Leadership à Followers and Leaders Coming Together." In Gandolfi, F. (Ed) Foundations of Contemporary Leadership. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Saarbrücken, Germany 19-29.


Winston, B. E. (2011). "The Leader's Responsibility of Creating' and Maintaining an Organization." In Gandolfi, F. (Ed) Foundations of Contemporary Leadership. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Saarbrücken, Germany 30-41.


Winston, B. E. (2010). "The Place for Qualitative Research Methods in the Study of Servant Leadership." In Van Dierendonck, D. and Patterson, Eds. Servant leadership: Developments in theory and research. New York: Palgrave-MacMillian Publishers.


Winston, B. E. (2009). "Strategic Thinking and Strategic Foresight." In S. Allen (Ed.) The CALE Leadership Handbook. Center for Applied Leadership Excellence. Johannesburg, South Africa ISBN 978-0-620-4363-5


Fry, L. W., Matherly, L. L., Whittington , J. L., & Winston, B. E. (2007). "Leadership as an integrating paradigm for servant leadership." In S. Singh-Sengupta, & D. Fields (Eds.) Integrating spirituality and organizational leadership. India: Macmillian Press.


Winston, B. E. (2007). "Spirituality at workplace: Changing management paradigm." In S. Singh-Sengupta, & D. Fields (Eds.) Integrating spirituality and organizational leadership. India: Macmillian Press.


Mathew, S., & Winston, B. E. (2007). "A study of the role of spirituality in the practice of values at call centers in the U.S. and India: Contrasting the difference between dogmatic religiosity and personal spirituality to promoting universal core values in the workplace." In S. Singh-Sengupta and D. Fields (Eds.) Integrating spirituality and organizational leadership. India: Macmillian Press.


DellaVecchio, D., Winston, B. E., & Bocarnea, M. C. (2006). "Motivational Gifts Survey (MGS): Instrument profile." In R.A. Reynolds, R. Woods, R., and J. D. Baker (Eds.), Handbook of research on electronic surveys and measurements, pp. 379-392 . Hershey, PA: Idea Group Reference.


Winston, B. E. (2006). "A future scenario of education as a result of the Digital Age." In M. Beaudoin (Ed.) Perspectives on higher education in the Digital Age. Hauppauge, NY: NOVA SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, INC. ISBN: 1594548412.


Winston, B. E.(2006). "Extending Patterson's servant leadership model: Explaining how leaders and followers interact in a circular model." In K. B. S. Kumar (Ed.) Servant leadership - An introduction. India - ICFAI University Press.

Meet Our Faculty

Steve Firestone, Ph.D.

Director, M.A. in Organizational Leadership/Church Leadership/Not-for-Profit Leadership

Assistant Professor

757.352.4618 sfirestone@regent.edu
John E. Mulford, Jr., Ph.D.

Director, Center for Entrepreneurship

Professor

757.352.4354 johnmul@regent.edu
Gary Oster, DSL

Director, M.A. in Business & Design Management

Professor

757.352.4877 garyost@regent.edu
Kathleen A. Patterson, Ph.D.

Director, Doctor of Strategic Leadership

Professor

757.352.4765 kathpat@regent.edu
Greg Stone, Ph.D.

Professor

Director, Master of Business Administration Program

757.352.4367 gregsto@regent.edu

Adjunct

Cornelius Bekker, Ph.D.
David Boisselle, Ph.D.
Maurice Buford, Ph.D.
Kathleen Cabler, DSL
Steven Crowther, Ph.D.
Debra Dean, Ph.D.
Myra Dingman, Ph.D.
Barry Doublestein, Ph.D.
Karen Eagle
Dail Fields, Ph.D.
Robert Freeborough
Judson Gary, Ph.D.
Doris Gomez, Ph.D.
Joshua Henson, Ph.D.
Russell Huizing, Ph.D.
Kenneth Lenz, Ph.D.
James Marshall
Melissa McDermott, Ph.D.
Jeanne McDonnell, Ph.D.
Jennifer Murff, Ph.D.
Danny Nobles, Ph.D.
Thomas Norbutus
Lisa Renz, Ph.D.
Virginia Richardson, Ph.D.
David Stehlik
Seth Stone
Jeffrey Suderman, Ph.D.
George West, Ph.D.
Diane M. Wiater, Ph.D.
Scott Wilcher, Ph.D.
David Winner, Ph.D.
Andy Wood, Ph.D.