Types of Trauma- Rape and Sexual Abuse
All forms of sexual abuse including rape and molestation have a high probability of resulting in psychological trauma. In these situations the victim was forced to engage in sexual acts against their will. Such actions leave the victim feeling dirty, ashamed, disgusted, angry, and worthless. The repercussions from sexual abuse are long-lasting and can shape the way the individual reacts socially as well as how they view themselves. It is not uncommon for victims to become emotionally unavailable, reclusive, unaware or unwilling to express their sexuality, promiscuous, or even sexual predators themselves.
Serious psychological disorders such as schizophrenia, dissociative identity disorder, and PTSD often develop in sexual abuse victims, but not everyone who experiences sexual trauma has mental health problems. The development of trauma symptoms is often attributed to one’s social support network and ability to utilize and adopt effective coping strategies.