Treatment Approaches- Traditional

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

This counseling paradigm focuses on how individuals process traumatic events. Information processing styles deal with automatic thoughts, unconscious reactions, and maladaptive behavioral responses. Social isolation, avoidant reactions, and extreme responses to environmental stimuli are all protective measures used to ensure the wellbeing of the individual even though they are restrictive and maladaptive. Social cognitive thinking emphasizes the substance of these thought patterns. Themes such as trust, safety and power must be renegotiated in order for the individual to effectively participate in society following a traumatic event or events. Some common techniques utilized among cognitive-behavioral therapist are systematic desensitization, exposure, relaxation training, cognitive reprocessing, and role-playing. (Note: All information on cognitive-behavioral therapy came from Effective Treatments for PTSD by Foa, Keane, and Friedman)

Traditional Psychotherapy Alternative Approaches
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
Psychoanalytic Therapy Energy Therapy
Pharmacological Therapy Critical Incident Stress Management

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Regent University
School of Psychology & Counseling
1000 Regent University Drive, CRB 154, Virginia Beach, VA 23464
800.373.5504 or 757.352.4000

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