Linked Diagnoses- PTSD
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is the process of reliving a traumatic event that one has survived in the past. In the past this descriptor was used almost exclusively with combat personnel, but now PTSD has expanded to include victims of rape and molestation, threats of violence and assault, and manmade and natural disasters. The distinguishing characteristics are that the event(s) must be unexpected, beyond their ability to effectively cope, create feelings of fear, shame or helplessness, and result in repetitive thoughts and dreams about the incident(s) over a long period of time (APA, 2000).
People who suffer from PTSD try to protect themselves by avoiding situations or people they view as dangerous (Morrison, 2006). They may also attempt to block or limit their emotions to avoid feeling weak or out of control. Other warning signs include uncontrollable emotional outbursts, poor concentration, memory loss, poor social relationships, and always being on the alert (APA, 2000). PTSD is treatable in a variety of ways that can lead to permanent improvements in the individual’s life.