The Role of Hope, Self-Efficacy, and Motivation to Lead in the Development of Leaders in the South African College Student Context
This study investigated the connection between hope, self-efficacy, and motivation to lead (MTL) in the development of leaders in South Africa. The continent’s history of colonialism, oppression, and decolonialization formed the background for exploring the relationships between the variables and the possibility that the residual effects of history have negatively impacted the sense of hope, self-efficacy, and MTL among some ethnic groups. The data collected were gathered using three instruments: the Hope Instrument (Winston et al., 2005), the NGSE Instrument (Chen, Gully, & Eden, 2001), and a revised two-factor model of Chan’s (1999) MTL Instrument comprising the leading for self-benefit factor (MTL-S) and the group-centered leading factor (MTL-G). A statistically significant and positive correlation was found between hope, self-efficacy, and MTL; and some differences in hope were found between groups. The negative regression coefficients indicate an inverse relationship between the variables of hope, self-efficacy, and Christian in relation to MTL-S. The positive regression coefficient indicates a positive relationship between self-efficacy and MTL-G. The effects and interaction of these variables in relation to different groups provide information for the future development of leaders. This study creates opportunities for further research on intervention and the development of leaders in the context of enhancing hope, self-efficacy, and MTL to develop exemplary young leaders who will make a significant contribution in their organizations and societies and to sustainable development in their nations.
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