From the Editor
Corné J. Bekker

Welcome to the Winter 2008 edition of the Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership. This edition of JBPL continues to build the base of scholarly perspectives and research on the phenomena of leadership in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures. It is our hope that the articles in this edition will serve to further extend the base for rigorous and well-grounded exegetical research in leadership. I want to thank the members of our international editorial board for their continued guidance and hard work. I also want to thank the dean and faculty of the School of Business & Leadership at Regent University for their continued interests and support of the journal. We welcome any comments, suggestions, and correspondence from our readers. I look forward with great anticipation to our continued interaction. more


Leadership Reflection
Kenneth O. Gangel

This article neither describes detailed research nor offers practical advice for leadership procedures. Its intent is to emphasize the process and conditions that afford the best hope of achieving excellence in ministry leadership. Some may find it too theoretical, but as a famous educator once said, “There is nothing more practical than a good theory.” Lurking in these paragraphs is the less than disguised notion that too many Christian leaders have made insufficient effort to rise above the level of mediocrity in churches, schools, missions, and other ministry categories. Several of the concepts appear in my book, Coaching Ministry Teams, first published by Word in 2000 and released again by Wipf and Stock. more

David R. Gray
A paradox occurs when a situation or condition challenges popular beliefs or conventions. Philippians 2:5-11 provides an example of a paradox relative to the traditional beliefs of leadership. A cross-disciplinary approach that integrates current social definitions and theories of leadership demonstrates that the Pauline model of leadership as propagated in Paul’s letters to the Philippians is a valid model for leadership study and application. Utilization of the principles of sacred textual analysis relative to socio-rhetorical criticism addresses application of organizational behavioral theories and extant leadership theories to Philippians 2:5-11. download/print article
Mark E. Hardgrove
Through the use of hymn and homology, as well as the rhetorical dramatic use of language, Paul is able to illustrate the appropriate attitude for the believer. He also provides, through the example of Christ, a rubric for Christian leadership: humility, selflessness, and servanthood. This approach stands in contrast to the prevailing cultural context of the recipients of the epistle, and continues to be a powerful statement on a leadership paradigm that challenges many traditional leadership models. A socio-rhetorical examination of the text reveals as many questions as answers. Those questions challenge the exegete to take a broader view that takes into consideration the implications of the text in light of the prevailing culture of Philippi in the first century, as well as that of the twenty-first century. This text, in light of contemporary culture, is a corrective comment for modern human leadership endeavors. download/print article
Laurie McCabe
Leadership is preemptive to the reality of human existence. Leading change is one of the most important, and still difficult, aspects of leadership. This paper utilizes a socio-rhetorical analysis of the twenty-first chapter in John’s gospel to explore the Johannine figure of Jesus as an agent of change and guidance. The data is extracted using the inner textual aspect of the model, which does not consider the translation of the words used in a context, rather the placement of the words to derive communication intent. The data is then compiled using two different, yet similar, models for change. First, is the Gestalt model for a cycle of experience. Second, is the still popular force field model postulated by Kurt Lewin in the 1950s, which defines behavior as a function perception experience. The textual data also supports that Christ’s function, as an agent of change, is representative of two emerging trends of leadership theory: transformational and authentic. Bass and Steidlmeier argue that truly transformational leaders are grounded by moral foundations, and that lasting change is representative of the moral development of the followers. The data presents practical implications that effective change agents, such as Jesus, also exist among the elusively high stages of moral development. download/print article
Jack W. Niewold
In this article, I attempt to ascertain the significance of set theory for leadership. In so doing, I strive to accomplish three objectives: first, to introduce set theory in a general way as a means for understanding churches; second, to develop the five-fold leadership model of Ephesians 4:11 within the framework of set theory; and third, once I have defined biblical leadership within the centered-set context, to discuss how a martyriological understanding of leadership can help distinguish biblical leadership from secular ideas of leadership on the one hand, and from pseudo-biblical ideas on the other. I close the article by discussing the educational implications that arise from viewing leadership from the vantage of set theory and martyriological self-understanding. download/print article
  Please note: Views and opinions expressed in the articles published in the Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership (JBPL) represent each author's research and viewpoint and do not necessarily represent JBPL or its sponsors. JBPL and its sponsors make no representations about the accuracy of the information contained in published manuscripts and disclaims any and all responsibility or liability resulting from the information contained in the JBPL.

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