From the Editor
Corné J. Bekker

It is with great joy that we present the second edition of the Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership. This edition of JBPL contains a wide variety of views and approaches in our common quest to explore leadership perspectives in the Hebrew and Christian Scriptures. It is our hope that the articles in this edition will serve to further extend the base for rigorous and well-grounded exegetical research in leadership.

I want to thank the members of our international editorial board for their continued guidance and hard work. I also want to thank the dean and faculty of the School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship at Regent University for their continued interests and support of the journal. We welcome any comments, suggestions, and correspondence from our readers. I look forward with great anticipation to our continued interaction. more

 

Leadership Reflection
Michael Palmer

In one role or another - employee, parishioner, professor, administrator - I have had a long-standing interest in why some people make good leaders and others do not. Partly from watching leaders - the effective ones as well as the ineffective ones - and partly from reflecting on my own experiences as a leader, I have settled on certain core principles that guide me in my everyday interaction with colleagues and staff members. In no particular order, I present the seven principles that effective leaders have adopted in their lives: build trust; model what they want others to do; empower other people; celebrate others’ accomplishments; explore fundamental questions; articulate a vision for the future, inspire others to adopt the vision as their own, and elicit their support to fulfill it; and practice Sabbath living. more

 

Book Review
Stephanie A. Slingerland

Beginning as children and continuing into adulthood, humans learn from the example of others. For instance, a student teacher learns to lead in the classroom under the guidance of experienced educators, while an aspiring team leader learns to lead under the mentorship of practiced executives. Learning from example is the central premise of Nathan Laufer’s book, The Genesis of Leadership: What the Bible Teaches Us About Vision, Values, and Leading Change. Laufer argues that successful leadership is a learned art and a developed discipline. One can learn how to become an exceptional leader by examining both the missteps and achievements of past leaders. Through a discussion of various stories demonstrating the actions of early biblical leaders, Laufer attempts to express the vision, values, and characteristics of leadership that may be learned from one of the most widely read books in the world: the Bible. more

 

WHAT WOULD JESUS LEAD: IDENTITY THEFT, LEADERSHIP EVOLUTION, AND OPEN SYSTEMS
Jay E. Gary

Recent discussions of “What would Jesus drive?” by environmental groups have raised the issue of whether Jesus of Nazareth would embrace the industrial growth paradigm. This paper evaluates this public policy debate by examining various leadership typologies that have been used to study Jesus. Drawing upon Daft’s four-cell evolutionary theory of leadership studies, this paper lays out an open systems and post-industrial research agenda for leadership scholars as they examine Jesus’ actions within a first-century context. download/print article

   

UPPER ECHELONS THEORY AT WORK IN THE  EPHESIAN CHURCH
Gail Longbotham
Ben Gutierrez IV

This study relates Proposition 21 of Hambrick and Mason’s (1984) Upper Echelons Theory (UET) to Paul and Timothy’s leadership of the Ephesian church. Proposition 21 states, “In turbulent environments, team heterogeneity will be positively associated with profitability.” Using the texts of Acts, Ephesians, and I and II Timothy, this study demonstrates the merit of this proposition as evidenced in the historical, ministry context of Paul and Timothy as a leadership team in the turbulent environment of the first century and provides rationale for translating these concepts into a contemporary ministry context. A brief sketch of Paul and Timothy’s personal backgrounds (birthplace, family, education, and conversion experience) and leadership experiences provides evidence for the heterogeneity of their leadership relationship. Evidence of heresy and persecution support the contention that theirs was a turbulent environment. The conduct of the Ephesian church in the years after the instruction (documented in Acts, Ephesians, and I and II Timothy) and leadership of Paul and Timothy provides supporting evidence of the profitability of that leadership. A summary of the study, its benefits, and suggestions for future research conclude this study. download/print article

   

BEYOND SERVANT LEADERSHIP
Jack Niewold

I argue that the servant leadership model that has been widely adopted by Christians has not been an unmixed blessing. Servant leadership in its secular form is based on non-Christian secular and religious ideas. But even in its Christianized form it is reflective of a heterodox and distorted Christology, which it in turn helps to perpetuate. I attempt to identify the elements of Christology that modern evangelicalism and its version of servant leadership neglect. Next, I endeavor to rehabilitate these neglected aspects of Christology in order to formulate a new model of leadership that I call martyria, a biblical term that I briefly explicate. Following a short exercise where I speculate what martyria might look like today, I argue that it is within this new martyriological model of leadership that the servant motif finds its true home. The implication is that when servanthood is lifted from its matrix as adjunct to martyria and permitted to usurp a central role in leadership formation, the result is weak leadership ill-suited to the exigencies of our time. Martyrological or witness-based leadership, on the other hand, contains the role of servant, but is much better suited in critical ways to the present historical kairos. download/print article

   
THE ROLE OF TRIBULATION & VIRTUE IN CREATIVITY: A SACRED TEXTURE ANALYSIS OF 1 PETER
Jacqueline Faulhaber

God’s strategy to diffuse Christianity in vacillating economic, political, and economic environments is creative and reflects his nature to work in inexplicit and paradoxical ways. In a sacred textual analysis of 1 Peter, employing the exegetical strategies of socio-rhetorical criticism, it is proposed that God uses tribulation and trials to effect individual and collective transformation. This transformative process, predicated on a believer’s grateful response to grace, produces organizational cooperation over competition, forgiveness over grudges, and harmony over discord, which is necessary to attain moral excellence and the good relationships needed for creating innovative organizations that require ongoing renewal for today’s turbulent environments that organizations face. This essay further focuses on the nuances of spiritual transformation and character development, a process similar to that noted by Paul in Romans 5:3-6. It also focuses on the creative tools Peter uses, such as metaphors and opposites, to teach the requisites for spiritual formation/character development, as well as transformational leadership used by Peter in seeking to transform the Christian community toward moral excellence. download/print article

   

© 2008 Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership | ISSN 1941-4692
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