Exploring Transformational Leadership Practices and Effectiveness in Nigeria: The Implications for Female Leaders
Chinyere G. Okpara-Onu
This dissertation explored the transformational leadership practices and effectiveness of leaders and the implications for women in Nigeria . According to the existing literature, transformational leadership behaviors include idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, and individualized consideration (Four I's). The literature review served as a basis for identifying these behavioral attributes of leaders. These behaviors are measured using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-5x; Bass & Avolio, 1995). This study confirmed other researchers' work on the effectiveness of transformational leadership practices. In the study; while male leaders were found to be more transformational; female leaders were generally more democratic, involving others in leadership and decision-making. One of the key conclusions reached was that leaders' practices are influenced by the culture in which the leaders operate.
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