The Effects of Systematic Goal Setting on the Self-Efficacy of Juvenile Male Offenders
Dan J. Mularski
The following is a study on human motivation concepts that measures the effect of an intervention comprised of systematic goal setting on the self-efficacy of male juvenile offenders. The review of literature demonstrates the interrelatedness of self-efficacy and goal setting as human motivation factors and their relevance in facilitating positive change. The Goal Setting - Self-Efficacy Intervention model was developed to identify prevalent risk factors, incorporate developmental assets, and target valued outcomes or purposes for engaging in achievement activities leading to improved self-efficacy. A quantitative experiment was conducted incorporating two treatment groups, utilizing pretest and posttest surveys addressing two categories: self-efficacy of the youth separated into nine domains and the goal orientation of the subjects. The study was conducted within the parameters of an established experiential education program called Guided Path. Self-efficacy improvement occurred as expected in both treatment groups due to the experiential programming of Guided Path. The findings did not support the expectation that the second treatment group, which implemented the Goal Setting - Self-Efficacy Intervention model , would result in a significant improvement in self-efficacy. The final measures pertained to the effect that a student's goal orientation has on self-efficacy improvement. Significant findings occurred, indicating that those having a learning goal orientation improve self-efficacy more than those with a performance goal orientation.
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