Impact of Spirituality on Leader-Member Exchange and Job Satisfaction
Feleccia R. Moore-Davis
Spirituality was deemed an important element of human life until the 17th century when prevailing spiritual views were discounted by the introduction of mechanistic theory that separated mind and body from the spirit. However, it appears change is imminent as organizational science seeks to understand the whole person, including their spirituality. The current research hypothesized that spirituality has a moderating effect on leader-member exchange and employee job satisfaction. The study utilized a total population sample of 435 participants of the Harris County Public Library system. Three survey instruments were used: (a) the leader-member exchange (LMX-7; Scandura & Graen, 1984), (b) the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss, Dawis, England, & Lofquist, 1967), and (c) the Spirituality Assessment Scale (Howden, 1992). Stepwise regression analysis provided support for the hypothesis that spirituality had a moderating affect on LMX and employee job satisfaction (p < .05). Further analyses suggested that there was a positive correlation between subordinate spirituality and job satisfaction (p < .05). However, the data did not support the hypothesized correlation between leader spirituality and job satisfaction of subordinates. Moreover, spiritual similarity between the leader and follower was not found to affect leader-member exchange quality. The current research contributes to the body of literature on spirituality in organizations by examining its influence on organizational relationships and work-related outcomes. A definition of spirituality is proposed, along with implications and directions for the future.
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