Development of Seven Leadership Behavior Scales Based Upon the Seven Leadership Values Inspired by the Beatitudes
John J. Kilroy
This study sought to advance Winston’s (2002) theory on leadership values, inspired by the beatitudes by answering the following question: Is the relationship of the leadership value and the corresponding defined behavior, inspired by the beatitudes, perceptible through a scale measuring the defined leadership behavior? Winston’s (2002) defined leadership values from the beatitudes—humble and teachable, concern for others, controlled discipline, wisdom, compassion, being highly focused, and being a peacemaker—were measured through the development of the Leadership Values Instrument (LVI), comprised of seven independent scales, designed to capture the demonstrated leadership behaviors of humility and teachableness; caring for others; patience, calmness, and a willingness to teach; continually seeking what is good, just, right, and equitable through specific acts; listening and showing compassion; intensity and focus on the organizations mission; and building and sustaining unity. The research demonstrated a statistically significant correlation (p = .000) between each of the seven independent leadership behavior scales and the corresponding defined leadership value. Significant correlation was also demonstrated between the seven leadership behavior scales and supervisory effectiveness as well as between the leadership values and supervisory effectiveness. The implication of the research is that leaders, regardless of their attitude towards spirituality in the workplace, should consider their behaviors and its impact on the attitudes, effectiveness, and commitment levels of those they lead because, in turn, these behaviors shape the values displayed toward their organizations’ stakeholders and customers.
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