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Dissertation Abstract

Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Motivational Gifts

Dorena DellaVecchio
Regent University

This study develops and validates an instrument to measure motivational gifts. The instrument consists of seven constructs, which is one construct for each motivational gift. The seven gifts are: perceiving, serving, teaching, encouraging, giving, ruling, serving, and mercy. The instrument was developed following Sage's (1992) guidelines for scale construction: 1) define construct 2) design the scale 3) pilot test 4) administration and item analysis, and 5) validation. At the time of this writing, the instrument in this study is the only instrument in the literature that has undergone validity testing establishing a 5 -factor solution and the concurrent validity of those factors. To establish concurrent validity, this study correlates results from the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) and the instrument and independent sample t-tests of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and the instrument. The study found:

:: The behavior labeled "Encouraging the Heart" of the LPI and the gifts of encouraging, giving, and mercy were statistically significant.
:: The gift of rulership and the Intuitive dimension of the MBTI were statistically significant.
:: The gift of mercy and the Feeling dimension of the MBTI were statically significant.
:: The gift of perceiving and the Extrovert and Thinking dimensions of the MBTI were statistically significant.
:: The gift of encouraging and the Extrovert and Feeling dimensions of the MBTI were statistically significant.
:: The gift of teaching and the Intuitive dimension of the MBTI were statistically significant. The gift of serving and the Sensing dimension of the MBTI were statistically significant.