“According to the full–range of leadership views, the most effective leaders use a wide variety of active transactional and transformational behaviors. From the transactional behavior set, these leaders use management by exception–active and contingent reward, omitting the passive version of management by exception. The transformational behavior set includes idealized influence, inspirational leadership, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration. The capability to use the full–range of those behaviors allows leaders to respond to all situations that arise with followers so that they can be loving and encouraging, yet corrective and demanding when needed, much as a father is with his children.” – Whittington, J. L.; Pitts, T. M.; Kageler, W. V.; and Goodwin, V. L. (2005). Legacy leadership: The leadership wisdom of the Apostle Paul. The Leadership Quarterly, 16(5), 749-770.
Resisting the Noonday Devil: Acedia, Anomie and Organizational Leadership
Acedia, from the root word in Greek for being “without care,” was used in early and Medieval Christian theology to denote a spiritual condition of sin consisting of melancholy, idleness, negligence, sloth, and boredom. More than laziness or sloth, leaders and followers suffering from this condition know what the right thing is to do, but simply do not care enough to be engaged with the actual work and, therefore, the goals, values, and objectives of an organization. Building on the work of Evagrius Ponticus, Emile Durkheim and Andrew Crislip, this presentation proposes that organizational leaders can identify four different kinds of individuals that suffer from organizational acedia: (a) critics, (b) ritualists, (c) hermits, and (d) rebels. This presentation concludes with the proposal that the answer of addressing acedia in leaders and followers is the cultivation of organizational humility.
Corné J. Bekker, D. Litt. et Phil
Dr. Bekker joined Regent University in 2005. He previously served as the associate dean for academics of Rhema Bible College in Johannesburg, South Africa and now as an associate professor for the School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship. Dr. Bekker teaches in the doctoral programs of the School of Global Leadership & Entrepreneurship and is actively involved in research on the use of biblical hermeneutics and spirituality to explore leadership. He is the editor of the Journal of Biblical Perspectives in Leadership (JBPL) and the co-editor of Inner Resources for Leaders (IRL). Dr. Bekker is an ordained minister and has traveled in Africa, Europe, the East and North America to present at churches, ministries, seminars and academic conferences on the subject of Christian spirituality and leadership formation. He has been an invited speaker to universities, seminaries and Bible colleges in the U.S. and abroad. He served in South Africa on the board of the South African Council for Theological Education, was nominated to the Standards Generating Body for Theology and Ministry of the South African Qualifications Authority and served on the Consultative Forum of the South African Council of Churches. Dr. Bekker also serves as the director for the Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) of Regent University and was the 2010 recipient of the Chancellor’s Award. He resides in Virginia Beach, Virginia with his wife and son.